Pernicious Anemia: What Is It And How Does It Affect You?

If you experience numbness and tingling in your fingers and toes, or your muscles feel weak and tired, see a neurologist about pernicious anemia. The condition develops when your body can’t absorb Vitamin B12, or cobalamin, which is an essential nutrient your body needs to maintain good red blood cell formation and healthy neurological functions. Pernicious anemia, or vitamin B12 deficiency anemia, interferes with your body’s ability to make new red blood cells, which are needed to help control the functions of your nerves and muscles. Here’s how a lack of B12 causes pernicious anemia and what you can do to treat it.

How Can a Lack of B12 Cause Pernicious Anemia?

Pernicious anemia doesn’t develop because of an insufficiency of B12. It develops because you simply can’t absorb the cobalamin that enters your digestive system. You generally get all the vitamin B12 your body needs from eating protein-based foods, such as tuna, eggs, and beef, as well as consuming vitamin-fortified foods, such breakfast cereal, and milk. In order to absorb into your body properly, the vitamin mixes with a protein called intrinsic factor, or IF, which the cells inside your stomach lining makes on a regular basis.

But if your stomach can’t make the cells needed to produce IF, you won’t be able to absorb cobalamin. Certain factors, such as gastric bypass surgery, digestive system diseases, and excessive stomach acids, may contribute to the reduction of intrinsic factor cells. The unabsorbed vitamin passes through your digestive system and out the body through your urine.

The red blood cells, or RBCs, in different parts of the body, including your hands, legs, and feet, begin to slow down in production. Some of the cells enlarge instead of dying to make room for new cells. The nerves in your fingers and toes begin to react to the lack of B12 by tingling. Sometimes, you don’t feel any sensation in these body parts. You might even develop headaches, muscle weakness, and general unwellness because of your cobalamin deficiency.

To combat the problems above, contact a neurologist for assistance.

How Can a Neurologist Diagnose and Treat Pernicious Anemia?

Your neurologist may measure how much cobalamin is in your blood. If you have less than 110 picograms per milliliter of B12 in your blood, a doctor may diagnose you with vitamin B12 deficiency anemia and prescribe vitamin B12 injections to treat it. The injections allow cobalamin to bypass your digestive system altogether and enter your blood instead.

In most cases, the injections help increase the cobalamin and red blood cells in your body. However, you may expect to receive ongoing injections because they’re the only ways to receive the B12 you need to stay healthy. A neurologist will discuss why you need the injections in greater detail during your appointment.

For more answers about pernicious anemia and vitamin B12, contact a neurologist today. If you’re interested, click the following link to get more info.

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3 Tips For Creating Your Company’s Wellness Program

When it comes to ensuring that your employees are productive, it can be easy to focus solely on productivity metrics. However, it is important to also consider the quality of life that your workers enjoy, as this can help boost morale, which can help improve productivity. If you have not considered this aspect of management in the past, the following tips may help you to devise a strategy for creating an effective wellness plan for your company.

Provide Healthy Snacks

It is common for companies to provide snacks for their workers, but many business leaders may not consider the nutrition of these snacks. Cakes, chips and other forms of junk food can cause your workers to feel sluggish from too much sugar as well as potentially decreasing their overall health, which may lead to higher health care costs and missed work days.

To help combat these issues, you should make sure to offer your workers healthier options to eat. By keeping fresh fruits, vegetables and whole grain snacks in the office kitchen, you can help to encourage your workers to make healthier choices about what they eat.

Incorporate Activities That Are Mentally And Socially Stimulating

In addition to healthier eating options, it is also important to make sure that your workers are mentally and socially stimulated. Many office jobs can be isolating and repetitive, which can lead to individuals feeling depressed and unsatisfied. Many of these issues can be combated by allowing workers time to hold book club meetings or engage in team building activities. While it may seem like a counterintuitive way to improve productivity, the productivity boosts that can come from the improved morale these activities can provide may more than offset the time lost.

Provide Your Employees With An Opportunity To Exercise

Being physically fit and active can both improve a person’s mood and giving them a sense of having more energy. Unfortunately, many people may struggle to find the time to work out or the extra money for a gym membership. Your company can help employees enjoy the benefits of exercising by repurposing an unused office or conference area into a workout area. By holding yoga or dance classes, you can provide your workers with a convenient way of getting their daily exercise.

For those that lack the space to be able to offer this option, it may be better to simply provide workers with gym memberships to a nearby facility. While this may seem like an expensive solution, there are many gyms that offer corporate discounts for enterprises needing a large number of memberships. If you’re interested in offering business yoga, visit

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4 Tips For Reducing Your Spring Allergies

When spring arrives, you might be happy that the harsh, cold temperatures of winter are behind you, unless you suffer from spring allergies. This can, unfortunately, make the changing of the seasons a burden when grass, pollen, and other allergens cause you to cough, sneeze, and feel miserable. Here are some tips for reducing allergy symptoms so you can enjoy the season. 

Replace Your HVAC Filters

A good thing to do each time the season changes is to check your HVAC unit. You want to make sure it is clean, operating well, and that the filter is cleaned or changed. It is especially important to do between winter and spring since it was likely used quite often to get heat, which can cause debris and allergens to build up in the filter. This filter helps to keep these allergens from entering the air through your vents, but if it is clogged, it might not work as effectively. If you have a reusable filter, you will remove it and clean it thoroughly. On the other hand, disposable filters can just be thrown out and replaced. Also, make sure the rest of the unit is clean and free of dust, mould spores, dander, and debris. 

Take Allergy Medication

You should start taking your allergy medication before the symptoms begin. When spring starts, make a habit of taking antihistamines and decongestants to reduce your symptoms overall. Talk to an immunologist about the best types of allergy medications for you. You might need to try a few different ones until you discover which one works best for you. Antihistamines are often the first to go for since they help to reduce nose and eye itching and watering from spring allergies. If you need to take them before driving to work or participating in other activities, make sure you choose a non-drowsy formula. 

Clean Your Home Frequently

During the spring, you will need to clean your home more frequently than you do the rest of the year. This is because allergens enter your home and get kicked up, which can then affect you. You want to start by tackling dust in the home. Dust accumulates fairly quickly, which you will notice if you have problems with allergies. Having someone else clean your home is ideal so you don’t feel ill while attempting to remove dust. You should use a moist towel when dusting wood furniture and electronics as to not kick up the dust and have it enter the air. You also want to wash all bedding, including pet bedding, regularly if you suffer from seasonal allergies.

Avoid Doing Yardwork Yourself

While you might have a passion for gardening, be careful about how much you do it during the spring. At the very least, avoid gardening and doing yard work on days when the pollen count is high. During these days, either have another family member or landscaper take care of pulling weeds, watering the lawn, and mowing the lawn.    

For further assistance, seek the help of a local allergy doctor, such as one from Asthma and Allergy Clinic.

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4 Common Causes For Permanent Hearing Loss

Hearing loss ranges from temporary to permanent. Common causes of temporary hearing loss include ear infections, fluid in the ears, or illnesses. However, there are also some cases of permanent hearing loss, where hearing aids or surgery are often the only treatment options. Here are some causes of permanent hearing loss.

Intrauterine Infections

A variety of infections can lead to hearing loss, which can occur at any age. However, when a baby is born with permanent hearing loss, it is often from an infection they got while in the womb. There are a few different infections that can be transferred to the baby while the mother is pregnant with them, including herpes simplex virus, rubella, and cytomegalovirus. This is why it is so important that the mother get regular medical care to look for early warning signs of such conditions. Hearing loss from these infections is often treatable only with hearing aids.

Otitis Media

A very common cause for hearing loss of the middle ear is with a condition called otitis media. This causes inflammation of the area behind the ear drum, which is referred to as the middle ear. This typically starts with fluid like water being built up in the area, which then causes inflammation and a possible infection. If it goes untreated, it could lead to permanent hearing loss. If you or your child exhibits sign of fluid in the ears or partial hearing loss, see a doctor right away. If you can get it treated soon enough, you might avoid permanent loss of hearing.


Another form of permanent hearing loss that comes from the middle ear is called otosclerosis. However, instead of being from an infection or fluid in the middle ear, this is a genetic condition. Your child is born with this condition, though you might not notice the hearing loss until they are in their teens or even early adulthood. The hearing loss tends to be gradual, but is also permanent and requires hearing aids. With otosclerosis, there is an extra bone inside the middle ear that eventually blocks sound.

Hearing loss from other infections and trauma may be permanent, but in many cases, earl treatment can help prevent needing hearing aids for the rest of your life. If you have any issues with your ears or hearing, it is best to consult your doctor right away. It is possible that you can prevent having a permanent condition. Contact a practice, such as Jacobs Clinical Diagnostics, for more information.   

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4 Tips For Managing Your Child’s Guinea Pig Allergy

A guinea pig is a great first pet for children, but sometimes, children find out that they’re allergic to their new furry friend. Your child’s doctor may recommend getting rid of the guinea pig, but if your child is very attached to their pet, they may not want to do this. Here are four tips for managing your child’s guinea pig allergy without getting rid of their pet.

Clean the cage more often

People who are allergic to guinea pigs aren’t allergic to their hair or dander. The saliva and urine are the culprits, and with thorough and regular cleaning, these allergens can be kept under control. While non-allergic people may only clean their guinea pig’s cage once a week, allergic people should clean it more frequently to keep saliva and urine under control. The ideal cage cleaning frequency will depend on the severity of your child’s allergies, so you’ll need to experiment to determine how often the cage needs to be cleaned.

Bathe the guinea pig

Guinea pigs are clean animals, but their saliva and urine still accumulates on their fur over time. To help control these allergens, give the guinea pig regular baths. Guinea pigs have sensitive skin and shouldn’t be bathed as often as dogs, but they can be bathed every three or four months. Guinea pigs don’t like having baths and will struggle, so for the animal’s safety, an adult should be in charge of bath time.

Move the guinea pig’s cage

While your child may like keeping their new pet in their bedroom, this exposes them to a lot of allergens. If your child shares their bedroom with their guinea pig, their stuffy nose and other allergy symptoms may keep them up at night. To make your child more comfortable, make their bedroom a guinea pig-free zone. Set up the guinea pig’s cage in another room of the house, preferably a room with a door that you can keep closed at all times to contain the allergens.

Get a HEPA filter

High-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters force air through a fine mesh and filter out tiny allergen particles. Trapping these particles can help control your child’s allergy. These filters should be placed in rooms where your child spends a lot of time, like their bedroom. You should also place a filter beside the guinea pig’s cage.

If your child’s new guinea pig is making them sniffle and sneeze, try these four tips to ease their symptoms without needing to get rid of their pet. If these methods aren’t enough, take your child to an allergy specialist to receive allergy medication.

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The Best Footwear To Choose To Protect Your Feet And Ankles During Sports Training

Sports training is all about building top form so you can have the stamina and physical capabilities to take on your sport with ease. You may know the proper footwear that is required when performing your sport, but your training shoes should be a priority as well. When it comes to podiatric sports medicine, one of the main reasons why patients visit a specialized sports doctor who specializes in feet and ankles is due to injuries sustained in their feet. This can be largely avoided if you wear the right shoes during your training program so you can protect your body and always stay in top form. Here are key things you should look for in training shoes.

Sport-specific construction

Training shoes are not a one-style-fits-all type of attire. Your podiatric sports specialist can help you choose shoes specific to your training needs. Running shoes, for example, are constructed with flexibility and arch/ankle support so you can train without placing undue strain on your joints and tendons, whereas kickboxing shoes are designed for movement and have padded protection around the ankle bone, arch, and are often designed to protect your shins as well. If you are unsure of the shoes you should choose for your sport training needs, your sports medicine doctor can recommend styles for you.


Always choose shoes that are comfortable and fit your feet well. No matter how well-designed a shoe is, if it rubs against your toes or is loose around your heel, you can face blisters, open sores, or even an injury due to an ill fit. Your podiatric sports medicine specialist can prescribe shoe inserts specifically molded to your arch to help make your training shoes more comfortable and give you added protection.


While leather upper shoes offer a more durable strength and may allow your training shoes to last longer, mesh uppers allow for better breathability so moisture doesn’t build up in your shoes. This is important, since keeping your feet dry not only offers comfort but can help prevent bacteria and uncomfortable foot issues such as athlete’s foot. Look for training shoes that offer a breathable design so you can train without worrying about moisture damage to your feet.

The right footwear can make training for any sport more comfortable and much safer. If you have concerns about choosing the right footwear for your needs, your podiatric medical specialist can help you choose a style that will work best for you. For more information, contact Elmhurst Podiatry Center Ltd or a similar location.

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Deciding Whether Or Not To Vaccinate Your Daughter Against HPV

As a parent, you are always trying to be sure that you do everything possible to keep your daughter healthy and safe. Because of this, you pay close attention to all medical care and immunization services your daughter receives. One of the vaccines you may be unsure about is one that is only recommended rather than required. The HPV (human papillomavirus) vaccine is an immunization that, when your family practice doctor brings up, may seem worrisome. Get to know some of the important facts about the HPV vaccine so that you can make the best decision for your daughter.

What Is HPV?

HPV, also known as human papillomavirus, is a viral infection that can be transmitted through sexual contact. There are numerous different strains of HPV, much like there are different strains of the flu. Some strains of HPV can cause visible symptoms such as genital warts, while others can go undetected.

While genital warts are unsightly, they do not usually cause any other serious health complications. However, HPV strains may also be responsible for the development of cervical cancer in women as well as other cancers of the reproductive organs in both men and women.

What Does The HPV Vaccine Do?

The HPV vaccine is designed with the strains of this virus that cause cancer in both men and women in mind. Much like other vaccines, the HPV vaccine is designed to introduce a small and controlled amount of the virus into the body so that the person’s immune system will develop natural antibodies against it.

These antibodies, in turn, will prevent the person who has been vaccinated from becoming infected with the virus if they are ever exposed to the virus later in life. In the case of HPV, the strains that are known to cause cervical and other cancers are the strains targeted.

Should You Get Your Daughter Vaccinated?

Many parents worry about vaccinating their child against a sexually transmitted disease because they feel it may encourage teenage sexual activity or give them a license to be reckless. However, this is not the purpose of the vaccine.

The reason that it is recommended to get vaccinated so early is that the vaccine is only effective prior to exposure to the virus. As such, adolescents between the ages of 11 and 12 are prime candidates for vaccination. Doctors do not recommend that women over the age of 26 receive the vaccine.

By choosing to have your daughter receive their vaccination as early as possible, you will be protecting her from contracting those strains in the future. While you may want your child to wait to become sexually active until marriage, you cannot fully control her actions. As such, earlier vaccination is the surest way to be sure you are providing her with the best possible protection.

Add to that the fact that almost all forms of cervical cancer are caused by HPV and you can understand why getting vaccinated is so important for any young woman. If you do not feel comfortable having your daughter vaccinated at the early age of 11 or 12, they can still receive the vaccine until they are 26 years old.  If you choose not to vaccinate your daughter right away, encourage them to request the vaccine themselves before they become sexually active.

Now that you know more about HPV and the HPV vaccine, you can decide if you are going to schedule your daughter’s immunization appointment and contact their doctor as soon as possible for immunization services if you do decide to get them the vaccine.

To learn more, contact a company like Valley Medical Care

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